Cellulite is fat that is caught between bands of connective tissue directly beneath the skin that creates a lumpy, bumpy orange peel appearance mostly on the hips, thighs and backsides of most women. While not life threatening, it is ugly, unsightly and embarrassing if you're the one that has it.Because cellulite is primarily caused by fat, reducing the body's fat content by creating a caloric deficit either by eating less or exercising is the first step for reducing cellulite. However, diet and exercise do not always give women (and some men) the results that they're looking for. This is where treatment options come in.Cellulite is located right beneath the skin which is why many treatment options involve -treating the fat, -relaxing the bands of connective tissue and -proper skincare. Treating the fat involves both aerobic and anaerobic (muscle conditioning) exercises and proper diet with some caloric restrictions as mentioned above.There are two treatments that are purported to minimize cellulite by relaxing the bands of connective tissue that "hold" the fat. One is called Endermologie and the other is called VelaSmooth. Endermologie is usually performed in a plastic surgeon or cosmetic dermatologist's office. It uses a motorized device that that has 2 adjustable rollers with suction that creates smooth and regulated deep tissue mobilization. In order for it to be effective, the client must have several consecutive treatments and then follow up treatments for maintenance. The results are often visible somewhat quickly but are temporary if maintenance isn't done.VelaSmooth is the newest technology in the realm of cellulite treatments. It uses both infrared red light and radio frequency waves to relax the bands of connective tissue that trap fat and make it appear bumpy. It's non-invasive and must be done twice a week for 5 weeks and then monthly. The initial results of VelaSmooth are very promising.Proper skincare in the cellulite prone areas can reduce it's appearance. There are a number of cellulite creams, gels and lotions that work temporarily to varying degrees. It's important to use these topical treatments as directed. It's also important to make sure that the cream or gel is massaged in well in order to stimulate circulation. Some of these products work better than others so it's a matter of trial and error as well as persistence for topical treatments to work effectively.
PAIN RELIEF & THE PAIN PANDEMICThe cry of mankind is not for pleasure but release from pain. GoethePain can be a life saving bodily defense. To be born with the inability to feel pain assures early death, but in the vast, ordinary middle ground of living - between first perception and life threat - the hope for pain relief is a driving universal need. Yet, while "pain relief" is historically first priority for a host of health-care professions: traditional medicine, osteopathy, chiropractic, physical therapy and others, all associated with related industries that pervade the societies of the world, despite all that alleged effort, there is, in fact, a Pain Pandemic. Because the fundamentals are not universally accepted, for more than a century and a half, countless millions have suffered unnecessarily and continue to suffer especially wherever Westernized medicine in practiced as the result of medicines Fundamental Flaw.In a single simple statement, parts of the body operate similarly to machines. Each has levers, pulleys, power sources, support systems and the need for balance in performance. When imbalance occurs, performance is impaired. Pain can be equivalent to squeaks in the machinery that may be relieved by skills not dissimilar to those of the machinist, the mechanic, the carpenter the study of function through knowledgeable examination of the materials they work with.In the body, the exquisitely complex relationships and interactions between the parts are the substance for the production of a host of pain syndromes whether experienced as headache, back pain, neck pain - musculoskeletal pain in any of its expressions. Many, regardless, are inherently, sometimes uniquely receptive to relief and functional restoration by approaches that include hands-on techniques.Such concepts emerged from the mists of antiquity. The idea is ancient. Wherever native societies developed healing systems, they incorporated some form of these applications. What is new are advances from increased knowledge and experience and, at the same time, what was tragic is what transpired during the formation of professions when, many generations ago, the basic understandings became the fodder of contention, conflict, greed, lust for power domination at any cost. Logic died. Because during one of its lowest intellectual ebbs traditionalism rejected the hands-on (manipulative) therapies, instead of reinvestigating, it went to war at any cost as reaction to the subsequent emergence of osteopathy, then chiropractic. Enemies have to be despised so how could they do anything worth emulating? And there certainly were always cases of abuse to justify such attitudes. The ongoing screams of societal pain eventually became background noise, just the way things are, as the essence of the issue became lost in the professional posturing and the onslaught of pill popping advertising as the normal way to relieve pain.Medicines technological advances with interposed instrumentation only further obscure and distance the clinician from primary responsibility to understand what the patients tissues willingly reveal to the respectful clinical examination. And, the advent of managed care shoveled on another layer of obfuscation. But truth persists: There are invaluable medical therapies that only hands can successfully administer.As I relate on the cover of Release From Pain: If you want to live with less pain if you want to help relieve the pain of others - or better represent them; if you are a student in any of the healing professions - or contemplating it - if you want to contribute to resolving what historians may well call this last century - a time of unnecessarily perpetuated pain - then please continue readingEventually I accepted that my lifes work has encompassed the entirety of this issue - that I offer for your understanding - because ultimately only you are responsible for you. The revolution and the resolution to return medicine to its essential foundation must be energized and powered by you! So please go from here .Paul H. Goodley, M.D.Orthopaedic Medicine
What can go Wrong?Early Postoperative ComplicationsA subconjunctival hemorrhage is a common and minor post-Lasik complication. The incidence of refractive surgery patients having unresolved complications six months after surgery has been estimated from 3% to 6%. The following are some of the more frequently reported complications of Lasik:* Dry eyes * Overcorrection or undercorrection * Visual acuity fluctuation * Halos or starbursts around light sources at night * Light sensitivity * Ghosts or double vision * Wrinkles in flap (striae) * Decentered ablation * Debris or growth under flap * Thin or buttonhole flap * Induced astigmatism * Epithelium erosion * Posterior vitreous detachment * Macular hole Late Postoperative ComplicationsGlare is another commonly reportedly complication of those who have had Lasik . Halos or starbursts around bright lights at night are caused by the irregularity between the lasered part and the untouched part. It is not practical to perform the surgery so that it covers the width of the pupil at full dilation at night, and the pupil may expand so that light passes through the edge of the flap into the pupil.In daytime, the pupil is smaller than the edge. Newer equipment is available to properly treat those with large pupils, and responsible physicians will check for them during examination.Safety and EfficacyThe reported figures for safety and efficacy are open to interpretation. In 2003, the Medical Defence Union (MDU), the largest insurer for doctors in the United Kingdom, reported a 166% increase in claims involving laser eye surgery; however, the MDU averred that these claims resulted primarily from patients' unrealistic expectations of Lasik rather than faulty surgery.A 2003 study reported in the medical journal Ophthalmology found that nearly 18% of treated patients and 12% of treated eyes needed retreatment. The authors concluded that higher initial corrections, astigmatism, and older age are risk factors for Lasik retreatment.In 2004, the British National Health Service's National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) considered a systematic review of four randomized controlled trials before issuing guidance for the use of Lasik within the NHS.Regarding the procedure's efficacy, NICE reported, "Current evidence on Lasik for the treatment of refractive errors suggests that it is effective in selected patients with mild or moderate short-sightedness" but that "evidence is weaker for its effectiveness in severe short-sightedness and long- sightedness."Regarding the procedure's safety, NICE reported that "there are concerns about the procedure's safety in the long term and current evidence does not appear adequate to support its use within the NHS without special arrangements for consent and for audit or research." Leading refractive surgeons in the United Kingdom and United States, including at least one author of a study cited in the report, believe NICE relied on information that is severely dated and weakly researched.SatisfactionVarious surveys have been performed to determine patient satisfaction with Lasik.According to a 2005 survey, 92.2% of patients reported that they were satisfied or very satisfied with their surgery.
Commonly abbreviated as Hb, Hemoglobin, or Heamoglobin, is the iron containing oxygen in our red blood cells which transport metalloproteins. All mammals on earth have hemoglobin, as it is a necessary function in the blood. It contains globin, apoprotien, and four heme groups (organic molecules with one atom of iron attached to each).The gene for the hemoglobin protien can sometimes mutate. This occurence results in one or more of many diseases, but most commonly turns into Thalassemia or Sickle-cell disease.Heme groups are located in each sub-unit of a hemoglobin molecule. A heme group consists of a single iron atom, held in a heterocyclic ring, commonly known as a "porphyrin". Oxygen binding takes place in this iron atom. The one iron atom binds itself equally to all four nitrogens in the center of the heterocyclic ring, which lies on one plane. In addition, two bonds perpendicular to the plane on each side, are sometimes formed with the iron to produce the fifth and sixth positions. The name hemoglobin comes from "heme" and "globin". Globin is a generic term used for a globular protein. Since any single subunit of hemoglobin is made of a heme imbedded in a globular protein, the name makes perfect sense. There are many heme containing hemoglobins and proteins. Hemoglobin A is the most commonly known.In adults, the most common hemoglobin is a tetramer (hemoglobin containing 4 subunit proteins) called hemoglobin A. The subunits are similar in structure, and approximatly the same size. Each subunits molecular weight is about 16,000 daltons, for a total combined molecular weight in the tetramer of approximatly 64,000 daltons. A single heme is contained in each subunit of hemoglobin, so that the overall binding capacity of human adults hemoglobin for oxygen is four oxygen molecules.
If youve got an itch on your foot that you cant help scratching, then you might have a dreaded case of athletes foot. But theres no need to worry because here are five ways that you can treat yourselfno doctor and no prescriptions needed.Head over to the storeYour best cure for athletes foot might be available at your local grocery mart or drug store. Look for creams and ointments that contain clotrimazole or miconazole as their active ingredient. These are topical creams that can be directly applied to the feet.All you need to do is reapply the cream after you shower to clean, dry feet and then cover with a pair of cotton socks. The cream should be reapplied two to three times a day after that for about two to three weeks.Going the natural routeAnother great way to treat athletes foot is similar to the store method, but with a more natural oil. Tea tree oil is known for its antifungal properties and works to destroy the fungus on the feet.Youll need to start with clean and dry feet and then apply the oil to the affected areas. You can do this several times a day for as long as it takes to cure the symptoms.And it makes your feet smell great.Cures from the kitchenWhen you want to get rid of your athletes foot, you may just have to open up a few cupboards. Both baking soda and vinegar have been shown to help with treating this fungal conditionthough not at the same time.For the baking soda, you can soak the feet in a mixture of the powder and warm water. And if you have apple cider vinegar around, use that instead of the baking soda.Getting your feet clean of fungusSome will tell you that soaking your feet in bleach is also a good alternative for treating athletes foot. However, this has to be done carefully or you might injure your feet. You should only use two tablespoons of regular laundry bleach in a gallon of warm water.Soak your feet for ten minutes and you can see results within a weeks time.Scaring away the itchiness and rednessAnd while garlic is great for vampires, its even better for athletes foot. This is because the antibiotic ingredients in the garlic help to cure the infection. Just rub a clove of garlic (one thats been cut in half) over the affected area a few times per day.But with all of these ways of treating athletes foot, the best advice is to avoid getting it in the first place. Make sure that your feet are kept dry and avoid walking on your bare feet in conditions that are likely to harbor the funguspublic showers and shoe stores where you try on the shoes without a barrier.And of course, good hygiene will always keep your feet clean and happy, and hopefully free from itching.